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    The List of Controlled Substances as Identified by the Federal Government

    Provided by Colorado Criminal Defense Drug Crimes Lawyer – H. Michael Steinberg

    This list describes the basic or parent chemical and do not describe the salts, isomers and salts of isomers, esters, ethers and derivatives which may be controlled substances. These lists are intended as general references and are not comprehensive listings of all controlled substances. Please note that a substance need not be listed as a controlled substance to be treated as a Schedule I substance for criminal prosecution.

    A controlled substance analogue is a substance which is intended for human consumption and is structurally or pharmacologically substantially similar to or is represented as being similar to a Schedule I or Schedule II substance and is not an approved medication in the United States. (See 21 U.S.C. §802(32)(A) for the definition of a controlled substance analogue and 21 U.S.C. §813 for the schedule.)

    Defined Abbreviations

    2C-B 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine

    2C-T-7 2,5-Dimethoxy-4(n)-propylthiophenethylamine

    BZP N-Benzylpiperazine

    DMT Dimethyltryptamine

    DOM 4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine

    GBL Gamma butyrolactone

    GHB Gamma hydroxybutyric acid, gamma hydroxybutyrate, 4-hydroxybutanoic acid, sodium oxybate

    LAAM Levo-alphacetylmethadol

    LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide, lysergide

    MDA 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine

    MDE 3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine

    MDMA 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine

    MPPP 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine

    P2P Phenyl-2-propanone, phenylacetone

    PCC 1-Piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile

    PCE N-Ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine

    PCH 1-Phenylcyclohexylamine

    PCP 1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine, phencyclidine

    PEPAP 1-(2-Phenylethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine

    PHP 1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)pyrrolidine

    SPA (-)-1-Dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane

    TCP 1-[1-(2-Thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine

    TCPy 1-[1-(2-Thienyl)cyclohexyl]pyrrolidine

    THC Tetrahydrocannabinols

    THG Tetrahydrogestrinone

    Colorado Drug Crimes Defense – The Definition of Controlled Substance – The Schedules

    A listing of the substances and their schedules is found in the DEA regulations, 21 C.F.R. Sections 1308.11 through 1308.15.

    A controlled substance is placed in its respective schedule based on whether it has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States and its relative abuse potential and likelihood of causing dependence. Some examples of controlled substances in each schedule are outlined below.

    NOTE: Drugs listed in schedule I have no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States and, therefore, may not be prescribed, administered, or dispensed for medical use. In contrast, drugs listed in schedules II-V have some accepted medical use and may be prescribed, administered, or dispensed for medical use

    Schedule I Controlled Substances

    Some examples of substances listed in schedule I are: heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana (cannabis), peyote, methaqualone, and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (“ecstasy”).

    Schedule II Controlled Substance

    Substances in this schedule have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

    Examples of single entity schedule II narcotics include morphine and opium. Other schedule II narcotic substances and their common name brand products include: hydromorphone (Dilaudid®), methadone (Dolophine®), meperidine (Demerol®), oxycodone (OxyContin®), and fentanyl (Sublimaze® or Duragesic®).

    Examples of schedule II stimulants include: amphetamine (Dexedrine®, Adderall®), methamphetamine (Desoxyn®), and methylphenidate (Ritalin®). Other schedule II substances include: cocaine, amobarbital, glutethimide, and pentobarbital.

    Schedule III Controlled Substances

    Examples of schedule III narcotics include combination products containing less than 15 milligrams of hydrocodone per dosage unit (Vicodin®) and products containing not more than 90 milligrams of codeine per dosage unit (Tylenol with codeine®). Also included are buprenorphine products (Suboxone® and Subutex®) used to treat opioid addiction.

    Examples of schedule III non-narcotics include benzphetamine (Didrex®), phendimetrazine, ketamine, and anabolic steroids such as oxandrolone (Oxandrin®).


    Schedule IV Controlled Substancs

    Substances in this schedule have a low potential for abuse relative to substances in schedule III.

    An example of a schedule IV narcotic is propoxyphene (Darvon® and Darvocet-N 100®).

    Other schedule IV substances include: alprazolam (Xanax®), clonazepam (Klonopin®), clorazepate (Tranxene®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), midazolam (Versed®), temazepam (Restoril®), and triazolam (Halcion®).

    Schedule V Controlled Substances

    Substances in this schedule have a low potential for abuse relative to substances listed in schedule IV and consist primarily of preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotics. These are generally used for antitussive, antidiarrheal, and analgesic purposes.

    Examples include cough preparations containing not more than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams (Robitussin AC® and Phenergan with Codeine®).





    Section 812 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. §801 et seq.) (CSA) lists substances which were controlled in 1970 when the law was enacted. Since then, approximately 160 substances have been added, removed, or transferred from one schedule to another. The current official list of controlled substances can be found in section 1308 of the most recent issue of Title 21 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1300 to end (21 CFR §1308) and the final rules which were published in the Federal Register subsequent to the issuance of the CFR.

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    H. Michael Steinberg Esq.
    Attorney and Counselor at Law
    The Colorado Criminal Defense Law Firm of H. Michael Steinberg
    A Denver, Colorado Lawyer Focused Exclusively On
    Colorado Criminal Law For Over 40 Years.
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